Cognitive behavioral therapy, also known as CBT, is form of treatment that is efficiently used in the treatment of various psychological issues, including anxiety, depression, substance abuse problems, eating disorders and many other severe problems. The CBT for depression therapy available is based on the principle that psychological problems are based on thinking patterns that do not promote the resolution of issues and that are also learned, therefore thinking patterns that are more efficient for coping with issues can also be learned and they can replace the previous, unhelpful patterns.
The process of cognitive behavioral therapy uses various strategies to achieve the development of new, helpful thought patterns. These strategies are aimed at helping the patients recognize their own distortions in thinking by helping them face their fears, rather than avoiding them and also helping them check those distorted patterns against reality. A better understanding of one’s own thoughts and motivation will lead to a better understanding of others, too. Another goal of CBT is to teach the patients new problem-solving skills to help them cope with difficult situations – the strategies aimed at improving problem-solving skills are also aimed at improving the patient’s self-confidence. The actual techniques used are varied, but in most cases they include role playing to rehearse stressful situations and relaxation techniques.